3rd Sunday after the Epiphany - Series C
27 January 2019
Nehemiah 8:1–3, 5–6, 8–10
1 Corinthians 12:12–31a
The Lord Is Manifested as Our Savior through the Preaching of the Gospel
Almighty and everlasting God, mercifully look upon our infirmities and stretch forth the hand of Your majesty to heal and defend us; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.
When Jesus opens His mouth to preach, gracious words flow from His lips. The Scriptures are, indeed, fulfilled in your hearing (Luke 4:21–22). For Christ was anointed by the Spirit of the Lord “to proclaim good news to the poor,” “to proclaim liberty to the captives,” and “to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor” (Luke 4:18–19).
By this proclamation, Christ releases His people from captivity and gathers them to Himself in His Church. So it was when the Lord released His people from Babylon and returned them to Jerusalem. “Ezra the priest and scribe, and the Levites who taught the people,” sanctified the whole congregation by the reading and preaching of the Law (Nehemiah 8:8–9).
As the people then were urged to “eat the fat and drink sweet wine and send portions to anyone who has nothing ready” (Nehemiah 8:10), so are you anointed by the Spirit of the Lord Jesus Christ to share in His feast and to serve the fellow members of His Body with His good gifts, “giving greater honor to the part that lacked it” (1 Corinthians 12:12, 24).
Jesus Rejected at Nazareth
Luke 4:16 –
Καὶ ἦλθεν εἰς Ναζαρά, οὗ ἦν τεθραμμένος, καὶ εἰσῆλθεν κατὰ τὸ εἰωθὸς αὐτῷ ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῶν σαββάτων εἰς τὴν συναγωγήν, καὶ ἀνέστη ἀναγνῶναι.
And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. And as was his custom, he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and he stood up to read.
You had to be invited to read. Recognized as mature, (30 years of age) a consecrated Rabbi. Where he was raised. These are the people who saw Him grow up. Has Jesus returned because Joseph had died? Why didn't you heal him? Is this not Joseph's father?
Luke 4:17 –
καὶ ἐπεδόθη αὐτῷ βιβλίον τοῦ προφήτου Ἠσαΐου καὶἀναπτύξας τὸ βιβλίον εὗρεν τὸν τόπον οὗ ἦν γεγραμμένον•
And the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written,
Isaiah the prophet was handed to him...was Jesus using a free text or was it appointed? Text does not say.
Luke 4:18 –
Πνεῦμα κυρίου ἐπ’ ἐμέ, οὗ εἵνεκεν ἔχρισέν με εὐαγγελίσασθαι πτωχοῖς, ἀπέσταλκέν με κηρύξαι αἰχμαλώτοις ἄφεσιν καὶ τυφλοῖς ἀνάβλεψιν, ἀποστεῖλαι τεθραυσμένους ἐν ἀφέσει,
The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed,
This is witness that this is the Christ. He preaches good news and forgives. A lot of creed here. Not a social justice mandate. It is Christ doing it himself. It involved preaching...proclaiming the year of the Lord's welcome. Jesus is God's address to the world. He proclaims victory. See 1 Peter 3:19 the descent into hell.
Luke 4:19 –
κηρύξαι ἐνιαυτὸν κυρίου δεκτόν.
to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor.
The year of the Lord's favor - year of jubilee. Christ is the hand in the glove. All the high days are fulfilled in Christ. Leviticus 5:10. Proclaim a release every 50 years. Is the year of Jubilee the year Christ dies? See John 8:31ff. The Jews didn't realize they were in captivity. We do not have the credentials to stand before God.
καὶ πτύξας τὸ βιβλίον ἀποδοὺς τῷ ὑπηρέτῃ ἐκάθισεν• καὶ πάντων οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ ἐν τῇ συναγωγῇ ἦσαν ἀτενίζοντες αὐτῷ.
And he rolled up the scroll and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him.
ἤρξατο δὲ λέγειν πρὸς αὐτοὺς ὅτι Σήμερον πεπλήρωται ἡ γραφὴ αὕτη ἐν τοῖς ὠσὶν ὑμῶν.
And he began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”
καὶ πάντες ἐμαρτύρουν αὐτῷ καὶ ἐθαύμαζον ἐπὶ τοῖς λόγοις τῆς χάριτος τοῖς ἐκπορευομένοις ἐκ τοῦ στόματος αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἔλεγον• Οὐχὶ υἱός ἐστιν Ἰωσὴφ οὗτος;
And all spoke well of him and marveled at the gracious words that were coming from his mouth. And they said, “Is not this Joseph's son?”
"This is Joseph's son is it not?" To bear witness is to speak of what you know. This can't be the Christ, we remember him, as Joseph's son. What are these words of grace coming from his mouth? How much more did He preach? Is this merely a synopses?
Luke 4:23 –
καὶ εἶπεν πρὸς αὐτούς• Πάντως ἐρεῖτέ μοι τὴν παραβολὴν ταύτην• Ἰατρέ, θεράπευσον σεαυτόν• ὅσα ἠκούσαμεν γενόμενα εἰς τὴν Καφαρναοὺμ ποίησον καὶ ὧδε ἐν τῇ πατρίδι σου.
And he said to them, “Doubtless you will quote to me this proverb, ‘“Physician, heal yourself.” What we have heard you did at Capernaum, do here in your hometown as well.’”
"So he said to them...certainly you say to me this proverb, Physician heal yourself do in your home town what we heard that you did in Capernaum." What's the context of what he did elsewhere?
Luke 4:24 –
εἶπεν δέ• Ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι οὐδεὶς προφήτης δεκτός ἐστιν ἐν τῇ πατρίδι αὐτοῦ.
And he said, “Truly, I say to you, no prophet is acceptable in his hometown.
No prophet is favored, welcomed, accepted. (same word as :19)
Luke 4:25 –
ἐπ’ ἀληθείας δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν, πολλαὶ χῆραι ἦσαν ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις Ἠλίου ἐν τῷ Ἰσραήλ, ὅτε ἐκλείσθη ὁ οὐρανὸς ἐπὶ ἔτη τρία καὶ μῆνας ἕξ, ὡς ἐγένετο λιμὸς μέγας ἐπὶ πᾶσαν τὴν γῆν,
But in truth, I tell you, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heavens were shut up three years and six months, and a great famine came over all the land,
But in truth I say to you many widows were in Israel when there was a famine great in the land.
καὶ πρὸς οὐδεμίαν αὐτῶν ἐπέμφθη Ἠλίας εἰ μὴ εἰς Σάρεπτα τῆς Σιδωνίας πρὸς γυναῖκα χήραν.
and Elijah was sent to none of them but only to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow.
Luke 4:27 –
καὶ πολλοὶ λεπροὶ ἦσαν ἐν τῷ Ἰσραὴλ ἐπὶ Ἐλισαίου τοῦ προφήτου, καὶ οὐδεὶς αὐτῶν ἐκαθαρίσθη, εἰ μὴ Ναιμὰν ὁ Σύρος.
And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of the prophet Elisha, and none of them was cleansed, but only Naaman the Syrian.”
Many lepers there were in Israel in the days of Elijah the prophet and none of them were healed except for the Syrian. What the prophet has to say is more important than the miracles.
Even the Gentiles were healed in the OT. They want temporal blessings because of who they were. Had they heard of widows and leapers before?
Leprosy was a term for several skin diseases; see Leviticus 13
καὶ ἐπλήσθησαν πάντες θυμοῦ ἐν τῇ συναγωγῇ ἀκούοντες ταῦτα,
When they heard these things, all in the synagogue were filled with wrath.
καὶ ἀναστάντες ἐξέβαλον αὐτὸν ἔξω τῆς πόλεως, καὶ ἤγαγον αὐτὸν ἕως ὀφρύος τοῦ ὄρους ἐφ’ οὗ ἡ πόλις ᾠκοδόμητο αὐτῶν, ὥστε κατακρημνίσαι αὐτόν•
And they rose up and drove him out of the town and brought him to the brow of the hill on which their town was built, so that they could throw him down the cliff.
αὐτὸς δὲ διελθὼν διὰ μέσου αὐτῶν ἐπορεύετο.
But passing through their midst, he went away.
They were filled with wrath everyone of them in the Synagogue. They connect, it strikes a cord. He will not give them what they want what they believe they deserve. They drag him in order to throw him but passing through their midst he continues his journey.
ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
The Greek New Testament: SBL Edition. Copyright © 2010 by Society of Biblical Literature and Logos Bible Software
LCMS Lectionary Summary © 2016
Luther’s Seal © Higher Things
Lutheran Service Book © 2006 Concordia Publishing House, St. Louis